3.1.1. Local State Variables
Exercise 3.2

Number of procedure calls

In software-testing applications, it is useful to be able to count the number of times a given procedure is called during the course of a computation. Write a procedure make-monitored that takes as input a procedure, f , that itself takes one input. The result returned by make-monitored is a third procedure, say mf , that keeps track of the number of times it has been called by maintaining an internal counter. If the input to mf is the special symbol how-many-calls? , then mf returns the value of the counter. If the input is the special symbol reset-count, then reset-count, mf resets the counter to zero. For any other input, mf returns the result of calling f on that input and increments the counter. For instance, we could make a monitored version of the sqrt procedure:

(define s (make-monitored sqrt))
(s 100)
(s 'how-many-calls?)

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